In Bali, many religious activities performed by thepeople, in devotional, magical and artistic spirits.They are kind of social affairs that bond peopletogether. Prayer, music, dance, song, painting,carving, beautiful offering, flower, incense,fragrance, costume, etc. all give their charm to the activities. It is not like some people might think about some form of Hindu rituals, yoga practice in allof it’s form, various postures, meditation,liberation through quest for knowledge for the absolute, through selfless actions, even fasting and penance, etc. The Balinese practice more on the devotional aspect of Yoga, known as the path of Bhakti.
Some people even think that the Balinese practice more the form of animistic rituals rather than practicing ritual of one of the world greatest religions. Other people still call the religion of the Balinese Hindu Bali. In fact that is not true. The Balinese learn,practice and have the spirit of Hindu Dharma religion more than other form of animistic and primitive religions, without losing respect to the later religions mentioned.Sure that the Balinese have many things that still need to enhance, in the ritual, daily life, the quest for the ultimate, etc. in order to achieve the goal stated by Hinduism as the goal of Dharma; it is soul liberation and earthly welfare for all sentient beings.No direct meaning of Dharma in English, but we can say that it’s include righteousness, duty and cosmic order.The following are some fundamentals of Hindu religion which also called Sanatana Dharma ( Eternal Dharma ) as learned to be practiced by the Balinese.
Tri Pramana, three means to know something:
Panca Shrada, five holy convictions:
Tri Guna, three intrinsic qualities of matter:
Catur Asrama, four stages of life:
Catur Yoga, four ways to achieve unity with Brahman or
Catur Warna, four professional division of society:
Tri Warga, three means to achieve Moksa or liberation:
1. Dharma, righteousness.
One of the messages is, whenever we collect material
Sadripu, six enemies:
Sadatatayi, six types of sadistic killer:
Saptatimira, seven darkness or drunkenness:
Trikaya Parisudha, three type of conducts that should
Panca Yama Brata, five things concerned with moral
Panca Niyama Brata, five things concerned with moral
Dasa Yama Brata, ten things concerned with moral life:
1. Anresangsya or Arimbawa, not egoistic.
Dasa Niyama Brata, ten things concerned with moral
Panca Yadnya, five sacrifices:
Other mantras from Veda and other Hindu scriptures
Om Swastyastu, used when opening speech, writing etc.